Introduction
  • The Sultanate of Oman will begin operating an early warning system in early 2015. The system is designed for the water-related hazards that the country faces. In addition to Makran tsunamis, Oman is subject to far-field tsunamis from the Sunda Trench, tropical cyclones, and flash floods. Tropical cyclones in Oman caused more than 60 fatalities in 2007 (Gonu) and an estimate 727 deaths in 1890. Most years produce flash floods that pose hazards to life and property along wadis. Under a 2009 agreement with Oman's Ministry of Transport and Communication, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO has been providing technical support for the National Multi Hazard Early Warning System (NMHEWS) of Oman under the Public Authority for Civil Aviation (PACA). Beginning in 2010, the IOC and the Omani government have collaborated in developing, as part of NMHEWS, a Tsunami Early Warning System (TEWS). The system includes monitoring, data processing, Standard Operating Procedures. Currently, the NMHEWS project is expected to be fully operational by early 2015.